Integrated Water Resource Management - IWRM

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Robert Brears
San Francisco’s Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) has launched its successful bold and risqué water conservation advertisements for the second year in a row to achieve well-below average consumption rates compared to the rest of California.

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Jan Willem Van Es
we have scientifically proven that the Hydro Dynamic Magnetic Resonance technology contributes to the mitigation of many issues on scaling, salinity and excess energy & water consumption in agri, hospitality, soft FM and WWT.
Bernard Wainaina
During your lifetime you will eat 60,000
pounds of food, the weight of six African
elephants and drink 120,000 litres of water.
Muhammad Raza Ali Gandapur
Better Water Management can make a Key Contribution to Poverty Reduction.
After partition in 1947, Pakistan had the highest growth rate in South Asia. In 1965 it exported more manufactured products than Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Turkey combined. It would have made anyone’s list of the Asian countries most likely to enjoy spectacular level growth rates over the ensuing years. This did not occur. While the growth rate in the 1990’s fell to around 4 percent a year. Pakistan became the slowest growing country in South Asia, an exact reversal of its previous role. Chronic fiscal deficits fed into mounting debt and rising interest spending, Sparring inflation, ever-increasing corruption and mismanagement of natural resources led to this disastrous situation.The incidence of poverty, which declined from 46 per cent in the mid-1980s to 34 percent in the early 1990s, has largely stagnated since, especially in rural areas, leading to a further widening of the rural urban gap .In last the fifty-seven years our fields dried out because our political decision makers in the past failed to pursue sustainable agriculture and water policies. Today, however we find that access to water is not least a social issue but poverty and access to water are mutually related; many people are poor because they have no water, especially in rural areas. But even more people have no water because they are poor.The World Bank report on the issue illustrated the deteriorating scenario in Pakistan in a very logical manner for the policy makers to take a U-turn and devise an intelligent strategy to achieve water and food security. The social gap can be shown most starkly by looking at the extremes. Between 1950 and 1999, the country enjoyed annual average per capita income growth of 2.2 percent tripling the average income of its citizens, which by 1999 exceeded that of the third of the world’s other countries. From 1960 to 1998 the country was also the world’s third largest recipient of the official development assistance, lagging only India and Egypt behind. During this time it received $58 billion in aid, including $22 billions from IMF and the World Bank, adjustment loans and considerable bilateral assistance from the United State and other countries.Despite this, Pakistan’s social indicators have failed to match its economic progress. Some have actually deteriorated over time. For instance, female primary school enrolment is 40.5 percent lower than in comparable countries. Social indicators in rural areas are also lagging. At 47 percent, for instance, poverty in the rural Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa is more than twice that of urban Sindh, at 19 percent. Population in rural and urban areas is ever increasing and thus defeating provincial and federal policies.Lack of education and access to health and other public services are closely and casually related to material poverty. For examples, at 43 percent, the illiterate, especially in rural areas, suffer far higher poverty rate than the college educated, at 6 percent. If one is to address poverty in Pakistan, it is therefore imperative to focus on bridging its social gap, bridging the differences among the rural areas and provinces and men and women.All aspects of water, including drinking water and sanitation, can produce economic growth while economic growth in turn enables increased investment in water. If we all make a commitment to act then together we can save lives in the future. We can give the poor a chance to live a better life, a life free from the slavery of water and poverty. Water and food insecurity is knocking at the doors of Pakistan; let all stakeholders unite and devise a serious strategy to deal with this ugly situation before it is too late.
Bruno Peeters
Breaking the vicious water (pollution) circle.

Bangladesh textile industries consume (and waste) huge amounts of ground water resulting in depletion and growing shortages for municipal and agriculture use. In addition, the more/less/not treated wastewater from these industries pollutes and salinize the surface waters (canals, ponds, rivers) especially in the dry season. This pollution trickles down to the shallow and deeper ground water thereby reducing the ground water quality in addition to its quantity.
With thanks to the IFC (World Bank Group), the broad program sponsorship and local support, we started to break down this vicious water (pollution) circle upstream in 19 leading textile industries. This is largely achieved by reducing ground water consumption and wastewater discharge by up to 80%, by reducing and recovering salt in the production and by upgrading and optimizing the wastewater treatment plants as to enable sustainable water recycling.
Yoshimi Yoshida
Yoshimi Yoshida "Largely achieved by reducing ground water consumption and wastewater discharge by up to 80%" sounds like a huge progress on your part. I'd be very interested to understand "How" you upgrade the WWTP to achieve such assuring performance.... ? Can you share any details please with thank you Bruno. Always great to have your expertise.
Bruno Peeters
Bruno Peeters These results could only be achieved by TEAM work including in-depth assessment and on site trials. Reducing the fresh ground water consumption results in an equivalent reduction of the wastewater discharge volumes and loads after treatment except for salinity which needs to be reduced upstream. Hence our main focus was upstream in the production and utilities. The 19 BD textile industries (16 integrated plants incl. dyeing and finishing + 3 denim finishing and washing plants) consumed 88 - 421 liter/kg of finished fabric. The benchmark water consumption would be about 50 l/kg for integrated plants and 25 l/kg for denim washing plants. In most cases about 50% water reduction was quickly achieved by boosting wet processing efficiency including first time right performance thanks to the invaluable contributions of an international wet processing expert, aside from cutting various spills. Further reductions are achieved by water recycling and recovery of energy and chemicals starting with hot cooling water and last rinses up to brine from dyebaths after removing the fibers and color. Finally on-site trials were performed as to upgrade the effluent treatment plants to include sustainable advanced biological treatment and color removal without the usual (electro-)coagulation and flocculation producing chemical waste sludge. More about this project can be found on LinkedIn in the group Water Technologies topic "Any new technology for water efficiency in Textile Industry?".
Melissa K.
Melissa K. Congratulations Bruno, your project should be replicate every where. Can you tell me where can read more about the project? How did you manege to involve those textile companies? As I know how hard it is to convince and correct them with new technology adoption.
Bruno Peeters
Bruno Peeters Thank you Melissa. Unfortunately our reports for the 19 project cases are confidential but if you type the kewords "IFC PaCT Bangladesh" in Google, you can learn more information about this PaCT program. Please note that the savings result mainly from improving operating practice and efficiency in wet processing and utilities. However we learned that it is easier to introduce new technology than to change mindsets and habits especially of dye-house managers. Hence building trust with a step-by-step improvement approach has proven to be most productive.
Muhammad Raza Ali Gandapur
Throughout the world the water table is going down. Today around 3800 km3 of fresh water is withdrawn annually from the world’s lakes, rivers, and aquifers. This is twice the volume extracted 50 years ago.There is a fixed amount of water on the planet, which can be neither increased nor decreased. However, water is continually recycled and purified by the hydrological cycle. An increasing scarcity of fresh water is now a major threat to global agriculture, food security, health and peace among nations. In both the cases human factor is crucial. According to the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) water use has raised six fold since 1900, more than double the rate of population growth. With the world's population projected to top 8 billion by 2024 from 7, 248, 069,8417(Watch World Population) now, freshwater supplies will not be able to keep pace with rate of growth in population.Ticking Bomb of Population, Even conservative estimates indicate that the population of Pakistan will grow to 208 million by the year 2024. About 50 per cent of the population will be living in the urban areas thus exerting additional pressure on the already strained existing facilities. Situation at present is very precarious due to our typical lethargic policies. Our political leadership must wake up before it is too late.An ambitious study conducted by Carnegie Corporation of New York USA projected Pakistan as severely water scarce country in South Asia in 2025. Pakistan will require 335 billion cubic meters of water whereas it will have no more than 233 billion cubic meters available. We appeal to government and all non-government organisations to come forward and formulate united efforts to put an end to shortfall of 102 billion cubic meters. Now is the right time that water wisdom and its awareness is introduced among rural as well as urban areas to plan suitable strategies to cope with a disaster massive in scale. To provide adequate water supply and sanitation coverage to this massive growth in population would require large investment in this sector amounting to Rs.12 billion (245 million US$) per year. Let the present government exert all its efforts to pool up the requisite funds to meet these challenges. In this connection, dynamic leadership promotes and formulates united efforts to construct dams and reservoir in the country to put an end to shortfall of 102 billion cubic meters. If water sources were not developed, a human and economic Cates trophy will surely occur. That is why a dynamic leadership is needed for Pakistan to uplift water resources and resolve other water related issues on emergency basis. Active leadership and renewed political commitment and financial investment can solve the country water crisis. Country security, including the threat of terrorism, is linked to human and environmental insecurity, which are linked to the implementation of water related projects. Food security and improved nutrition, for which access to water is crucial, reduces susceptibility to many easily preventable diseases and lowers child and maternal mortality. Investment in water resources including construction of Dams, Reservoirs and domestic water supply and sanitation, leads to improved human health, productivity, purchasing power and dignity of citizens. The picture seems hopeless, but the outlook could be better if stakeholders of all kinds, among them, government, businesses and civil society and aid organizations commit themselves to goal-oriented actions of Blue Revolution.
Muhammad Raza Ali Gandapur
In the past Civilizations made an effort by projecting Green Revolution as their mission to save humanity at large. The reality is that it is the Blue Revolution; the management of water resources that can steer the humanity to achieve food security and to bring Green Revolution. Growing rate of population and diminishing of soil fertility is leading towards a colossal mishap all around the planet. It is a fact beyond doubt that proper irrigation system is an indication of Supreme Civilizations. The presence of Supreme Civilization will prevent human right violation throughout the world and provide exchange of ideas as an opportunity for people of various backgrounds to recognize each other and to support global peace, whether they live on opposite sides of the world or inhabit a close knit society.
By “Blue Revolution” we can achieve Sustainable Development and all its three dimensions; the Social uplift, Economic Development and Environmental up Gradation. Water is a precious and scarce resource.
Access touncontaminated water is a human right and a basic need essential for health and human dignity, because Sustainable Development Starts with People’s Health and Dignity so as there is no substitute for water.
Vishakha Rajput
Why are small-scale farmers in Kenya are poor and one in three of children there is malnourished? Why has the agriculture budget been consistently below 5 percent despite government's commitment in the 2003 ?
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