Bio: Nov 2012: "Water" focussed Venture Capitalist: defining sector strategy, driving investment processes and supporting portfolio companies on all business matters.
Past and present involvements in that role: board member of Pure Technologies Ltd (condition assessment of water mains), advisor and board observer to inge watertechnologies (UF membrane products, acquired by BASF), AquaSpy (irrigation monitoring), the Pressure Pipe Inspection Company and Takadu (pioneer in smart water grids).
Industrial alliances: Steering committee member of the IWA Innovation Program, Advisory board member of EU research project DEMEAU, Advisor to Bluetech Innovation Forum, initial member of the Smart Water Networks Forum (SWAN)
Education: Ph.D. Environmental Engineering (ETH Zurich). Master Civil Engineering (TU Karlsruhe).
As usual the answer is IT DEPENDS
It depends mainly on processes involved (energy and chemical consumption) - here you can find good and bad solutions for both sea water and ground water desal - and waste streams generated and how they are treated/disposed.
Waste streams are very saline, often...