Wastewater Treatment Industry Report China 2013

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China's municipal wastewater discharged has been growing faster than industrial wastewater in the past decade. As of 2012, China discharged 68 billion tons of wastewater; municipal wastewater and industrial wastewater accounted for 62% and 38% respectively. The top 6 provinces of total wastewater discharged are Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang, Henan and Fujian, accounting for 45% of domestic wastewater discharge in 2011. The top 4 wastewater discharge industries are steel, chemicals, paper manufacture, leather, and pharmaceuticals. Currently, China's average water reclamation utilization rate is about 8-9%, but expected to reach 10% during the 12 FiveYear Plan (FYP) period , which is below the average reclamation rate of developed countries, which is 70%. Large amounts of untreated sludge discharge have caused severe environmental pollution. During the 12 th 1 Five-Year Period, newlyadded sludge treatment capacity will reach 5.2 million tons with total investment of RMB 35 billion (USD 5.6 billion); city sludge treatment rate is expected to reach 70-80% while town sludge treatment rate is expected to reach 30%. However by end of 2012, the completion rate of the sludge treatment facilities were only 27%. 

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