Hybrid Seeds for Water-Stressed Environment

428 Views

DuPont Pioneer Hybrid Maize Study Shows Strong Yield Advantages to Help Farmers Weather Drought Optimum® AQUAmax® Hybrid Seeds Increase Yield by an Average of 6 Percent in Water-Stressed Environments

Findings scientifically demonstrate the efficacy of Pioneer® brand Optimum® AQUAmax® maize hybrid seeds, which help farmers achieve more stable yields under drought-stress conditions and high-yield potential in favorable growing conditions.

"Through these and related research efforts, we are making real progress in understanding what contributes to drought tolerance," said Mark Cooper, research director, trait characterization and development at DuPont Pioneer, and one of the study's authors. "This will help DuPont Pioneer continue to deliver strong maize hybrids to growers around the world."

The international community faces the challenge of growing food sustainably, which involves meeting the demands of a growing population in the midst of adverse environmental changes. Globally, water is the most limiting factor to agricultural and food productivity, causing annual crop losses of $13 billion due to drought. Since 1980, major droughts and heat waves within the United States alone have resulted in costs exceeding $100 billion, easily becoming one of the most costly weather-related disasters on the continent during that time (Lott and Ross, 2000). In 2012, a severe drought contributed to historically high grain prices in the United States (Boyer et al., 2013).

Key Findings from the Study

The multi-year study included comprehensive managed-environment research experiments, on-farm industry evaluation experiments and planting density studies. More than 10,700 U.S. farms provided extensive data comparing 78 of the Optimum® AQUAmax® hybrids to a sample of 4,200 industry-leading hybrids used by growers throughout the Corn Belt.

  • In the on-farm experiments, the Optimum® AQUAmax® hybrids were, on average, 6.5 percent higher yielding under water-limited conditions and 1.9 percent higher yielding under favorable growing conditions.
  • Under water-limited conditions, the Optimum® AQUAmax® hybrids yielded better in higher plant population situations (i.e., more plants per acre) when compared to the other hybrids. The yield advantage of Optimum® AQUAmax® hybrids compared to other hybrids became greater as plant populations increased.

"Through the integrated use of advanced breeding technologies, the study provides a deeper understanding of the under-lying physiology of corn plants and responses to drought, and the opportunities for further sustainable improvements in the agricultural productivity of the U.S. Corn Belt," said Carlos Loeffler, senior research scientist at DuPont Pioneer.

Source: Pioneer

Read More Related Content On This Topic - Click Here

Support
Please feel free to submit your feedback below
Feedback

CAPTCHA
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.